Jack Pine is extremely hardy and thrives on sandy, gravely, dry soils that are too poor to support White or Red Pine. It is intolerant of shade and has an extensive horizontal root system making this an excellent choice for controlling erosion on dry, sandy sites. Jack Pine grows further north than any other American Pine and is the only in Minnesota with short needles. It is used as a nesting site for Morning Doves and is a food source for a variety of birds and wildlife. It is an important source of wood pump for paper making Jack Pine has a top growth of spreading branches and scant, open foliage.